Glossary Terms


inhibiting or destroying the growth of microorganisms and particularly pathogenic microorganisms.

Bath Jet

self-contained water jets that help relax and massage muscles. Water or air powers the jets.

End-Entry Tub

a bathtub or bathing system with an entry on one end.

EPA Registered

any substances or chemicals, including sanitizers, biocides, sterilizers, or others, which must be registered with the United States EPA under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) prior to their distribution and use by consumers and industry.

Freestanding Bath

a bathtub standing alone or on its own foundation, free of support or attachment.


the use of water therapeutically (as in a whirlpool bath).


practices (as of cleanliness) conducive to good health.


partial or complete loss of bladder or bowel control.

Infection Control

practical, evidence-based approaches to help prevent patients and health workers from being harmed by avoidable infection.

Long-Term Care

services that include non-medical and medical assistance and care to people who are unable to perform basic activities of daily living. It may be provided in homes or in facilities.


an organism of microscopic or ultramicroscopic size.

Quarternary Disinfectant

highly-concentrated disinfectant chemicals that are designed to kill germs in multiple settings.

Side-Entry Tub

a bathtub or bathing system with an entrance on the side.

Skilled Nursing Facility

a healthcare institution that meets federal criteria for Medicaid and Medicare reimbursement for nursing care.

Splash Guard

an apparatus designed to prevent splashing. In bathing scenarios, a splash guard may be used to protect a caregiver from being splashed and serves as a means of infection control.

Transfer Lift

a procedure or machine used to carry the entire weight of a patient with the intent to move them.


urinary tract infection, infection of the urinary tract.

UV Light

electromagnetic radiation or light having a wavelength greater than 100 nm (nanometers) but less than 400 nm. Ultraviolet radiation has a longer wavelength than x-rays but shorter than visible light and has the properties to kill or inactivate microorganisms by destroying nucleic acids and disrupting their DNA.

UV Water Purification

the use of UV Light to purify water and kill or inactivate potentially deadly microorganisms.

Whirlpool Tub

a therapeutic bathing system in which all or part of the body is exposed to forceful whirling currents of water. Most whirlpool tubs can be used for hot or cold water hydrotherapy.

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